What is the Connection Between Hormones and Eye Health?

Jun 1, 2023 | Eye Health Info

Your eyes are crucial to perform daily activities, but have you ever thought about how hormone changes can affect your vision? Hormones are chemicals in your body that control various functions, including your eyesight. Your hormone levels can fluctuate depending on your age and sex, and these changes can directly impact your eye health. In this post, we’ll discuss the connection between hormones and eye health and how you can protect your vision. 

1. Dry eye syndrome 

Dry eyes occur when the eyes don’t produce enough tears or when the tears evaporate too quickly. Low levels of testosterone and estrogen can affect tear production, which can cause dry eyes. Women going through menopause or pregnancy can experience hormonal changes that affect their eyes, leading to dry eye syndrome. If you experience symptoms such as dryness, itching, and redness, visit your eye doctor to develop a treatment plan. 

2. Diabetes 

Hormonal imbalances can also affect your blood sugar levels, leading to diabetes. Diabetes is a condition where your body cannot effectively produce or use insulin, a hormone that helps to process sugar. High blood sugar levels can damage the tiny blood vessels in the eye, leading to diabetic retinopathy. This eye condition can cause blurred vision and can eventually lead to vision loss. If you have diabetes, it’s important to get your eyes examined regularly to catch any signs of diabetic retinopathy early on. 

3. Menopause 

Menopause is a natural occurrence in women that can lead to hormonal changes, including a decrease in estrogen levels. Lower levels of estrogen can result in vision changes, including blurred or distorted vision, dry eyes, and even cataracts. If you are experiencing any vision changes during menopause, schedule an appointment with your eye doctor to address any concerns you may have. 

4. Thyroid disorders 

The thyroid gland, located at the base of the neck, produces hormones that regulate your metabolism and energy levels. Hyperthyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland produces too many hormones, can cause bulging eyes and double vision. Conversely, hypothyroidism, which is the underproduction of thyroid hormone, can cause dry eyes and reduced color vision. If you are experiencing these symptoms, it’s essential to consult with an endocrinologist and your eye doctor to receive a proper diagnosis and treatment. 

5. Pregnancy 

Pregnancy leads to various hormonal changes in the body, including a decrease in estrogen and an increase in progesterone. These changes can lead to dry eyes, blurred vision, and even gestational diabetes, which can cause retinopathy. If you are pregnant or planning to conceive, make sure to inform your eye doctor. They can help monitor your vision and ensure that your eyes remain healthy throughout your pregnancy.  

While hormonal changes are a part of life, they can also impact your eye health. It’s crucial to get regular eye exams, especially during life events that cause hormonal changes. Visiting your eye doctor can help you detect early signs of potential eye-related problems, leading to better treatment and management options. Protect your eyes and vision by making your eye health a priority. Contact our office in Las Vegas today to schedule your eye exam!  

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