Dry Eye Diagnosis and Treatment
What is Dry Eye?
What Causes Dry Eye?
Dry eye can develop for many different reasons, and it can be temporary or a chronic condition.
The most common reason people develop dry eye is meibomian gland dysfunction, or MGD. The meibomian glands are small oil glands located in the upper and lower eyelids which secrete oil that coats the surface of the eyes and prevents moisture from evaporating. Water, oil, and mucin layers make up the tear film, and this tear film is what keeps the surface of the eye healthy. Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) occurs when the oil-producing meibomian glands are clogged and unable to create a healthy tear film to keep the eyes properly lubricated.
Additional underlying causes of dry eye syndrome including the following:
- Hormonal changes caused by pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives, and menopause
- Antihistamines, decongestants, blood pressure medications and antidepressants
- Certain diseases and conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren’s syndrome, arthritis, diabetes, or thyroid problems.
- Exposure to cold, smoke, and dry climates
What are Symptoms of Dry Eye?
- A stinging, burning or scratchy sensation in your eyes
- Stringy mucus in or around your eyes
- Sensitivity to light
- Eye redness
- A sensation of having something in your eyes
- Difficulty wearing contact lenses
- Difficulty with nighttime driving
- Watery eyes, which is the body’s response to the irritation of dry eyes
- Blurred vision or eye fatigue
How is Dry Eye Diagnosed?
Dr. Ellen Merkin is an expert optometrist and can diagnose dry eye through an evaluation of the quantity and quality of the tears being produced by the eyes, consideration of symptoms, health history, medications, and environmental factors which can cause dry eye. Through a comprehensive eye exam, Dr. Merkin can determine if you have dry eye, and can advise you on treatment options.
How is Dry Eye Treated?
Identifying the reasons for a specific case of dry eye is important so that the right treatment plan can be customized for your needs. Dr. Ellen Merkin will customize her approach, which may include using artificial tears, increasing tear production, and treating inflammation of the eyelids or the eye surface. While dry eye can sometimes be a chronic condition, Dr. Merkin can help you maintain healthy eyes, minimize dryness, and discomfort, and prevent your vision from being affected.
Symptoms of Dry Eye are Uncomfortable, but We Can Help!
Book an appointment for a comprehensive eye exam, and mention that you have been experiencing symptoms of dry eye.
Contact our office by calling 702-363-7372 today to schedule an appointment.